Saida– with its neighbor Tire – is considered the two most powerful cities among all the Canaanite cities, and it flourished since the Bronze Age (3000-1200 BC in the Middle East) and became one of the most important cities in the eastern Mediterranean. And set off most of the Canaanite ships that were wandering from Sidon from the city of Sidon. This sea and the culture and civilization of the Canaanites spread throughout it, and was famous – in particular – for the manufacture of purple dye, she and Tire. This color became so rare and expensive that it became a sign of royal power in many ancient countries. Later, the conditions of the city deteriorated due to its frequent conquest. Its star fell after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC. It was then annexed (like all Canaanite cities that are eroding) to the Roman Empire, then was conquered by the Muslim Arabs and remained part of the Islamic countries until it became the scene of conflict in the Crusades. Even if it did not regain its position after antiquity.
Sidon, known locally as Sayda or Saida (Arabic: صيدا), is the sixth-largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the South Governorate, of which it is the capital, on the Mediterranean coast.Tyre to the south and Lebanese capital Beirut to the north are both about 40 kilometres (25 miles) away.
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